By 2020, Kia plans to introduce a range of partially-autonomous driving technologies to its model line-up, and is aiming to bring its first fully-autonomous car to market by 2030.
The initial stage of investment by Kia – totalling US$2 billion by 2018 – will enable the company to develop the first of its new Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) technologies and employ a greater number of engineers. The investment will lead to the introduction of Kia’s next-generation smart vehicles in the coming years.
With ADAS still in its infancy, Kia – as part of the Hyundai Motor Group – is working closely with suppliers and affiliated companies to develop a range of technologies across three distinct categories to enable a vehicle to drive autonomously:
– ‘Recognition’ – the development of new sensors to detect other vehicles and hazards, read the road ahead and identify poor driving conditions– ‘Judgment’ – advanced computing systems allowing the car to make decisions based on the information gathered by ADAS sensors
– ‘Control’ – active electronic and mechanical systems allowing the vehicle to carry out the decisions taken by the autonomous technology in any given situation
Many of Kia’s new ADAS technologies require simultaneous input from more than one sensor, and much of Kia’s investment intoresearch and development is allowing the car manufacturer to secure localisedknowledge and establish a production-base for the high precision sensors required to realise autonomous driving technologies.
Introduction of partially-autonomous driving technologies by 2020
Kia is planning to introduce a range of partially-autonomous ADAS technologies in the coming years, with an array of new functions anticipated for introduction to market by 2020.
Among the new technologies currently under development is Highway Driving Assist (HDA), which combines a Lane Guidance System (LGS) and Advanced Smart Cruise Control (ASCC). HDA is designed to automatically maintain a safe distance from cars in front while keeping the car in its lane on the motorway and adhering to local speed limitsusing information from the navigation system. The system will also assist in safely overtaking other cars on the motorway.
Traffic Jam Assist (TJA), currently under development by Kia, will help make light work of heavy congestion by tracking the vehicle in front during moderate-to-highly congested traffic conditions. The system employs a range of sensors to maintain a safe distance from the car in front and keep the vehicle within its lane. Using TJA, drivers will find it easier – and more relaxing – to navigate traffic jams on often-congested roads.
To make Kia vehicles among the easiest cars to park, the company is developing further technologies to enable cars to complete low-speed manoeuvres more easily. Enhancing Kia’s existing Smart Parking Assist System (SPAS), which enables the car to park itself in parallel or perpendicular spaces with minimal driver input, Kia will also introduce Remote Advanced Parking Assist System (RAPAS), allowing Kia vehicles to park themselves when the driver presses the smart key button while within a certain range of the car.
At all times, the new range of ADAS technologies can be circumvented by direct driver control, enabling closer control of the car as desired.
These technologies are primarily designed to make driving safer and easier for Kia customers by identifying hazards at the earliest possible opportunity and allowing the driver – or the car – to take the appropriate reaction. Existing Kia technologies include Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS), Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS), Blind Spot Detection (BSD), Auto Emergency Braking (AEB) and Advanced Smart Cruise Control (ASCC).
Kia plans to bring fully-autonomous cars to market within 15 years
Overthe longer-term, Kia is targeting 2030 for the introduction of fully-autonomous vehicles. As a key part of Kia’s development of fully-autonomous driving technologies – the true ‘self-driving car’ – Kia is focusing R&D resources on vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication.
By enabling cars to effectively communicate directly and independently with their surroundings, Kia will be able to make ADAS-equipped vehicles as safe and efficient as possible.